Information about fishing boats, fly fishing equipment, fishing reports, fishing knots and pond fishing

Top 40 Fly Fishing Guide Tips!


Fly fishing is a very popular fishing sport that can be both relaxing and challenging at the same time. The following tips and tricks are ideal of beginners. When you’re just starting out learning to fly fish you’ll want all the help and advice that you can get from the experts. 

Tip #1:  Practice your Casting
The experts say that the one thing that you need to do to develop a good casting technique is to practice as often as you can.  This will lead to a proficiency in casting that make all the difference between being a successful fly fisher or a frustrated one. 
 
Try practicing against a wall on the outside of your house.  Just imagine that there is a clock hanging on the wall that is at the same level as your shoulder.  Place markers, such as black electric tape, at the 11:00 and 1:00 clock positions.  Practice casting against these markers for a few minutes each day to improve your accuracy and style.

Tip #2:  Rods

There are several things that you need to think about when choosing the right type of rod for you.  Every reel and rod has a certain function that you need to be aware of.  One of the first things that you need to consider is comfort.  Is the rod that you're using comfortable for you to hold?  If you're shorter than about 5'5" you won't want to use a rod that is seven feet.  Choose a rod length that is easy for you to hold and cast for a few hours at a time.
 
Most of the rods on the market today are designed to allow you to feel when a fish bites. The shaft of the rod is called a "blank" and when the rod is first manufactured the blank is made from fiberglass, graphite, or other materials.  Each of these blanks has an action that is either: light, medium, medium/heavy, or heavy.  The upper portion will also have an action that is either: extra light, light, or regular.  Both ends of the blank are assembled and the final result is a fishing rod, complete with a handle and guide.  No matter what type of rod that you're using, the "action" of the rod will refer to the "blank".  The action of the rod will have a great deal to do with the type of fishing that you're doing.

Tip #3:  Holding your Rod Effectively
It’s important that you learn to hold your rod effectively under any fishing conditions.  You want to make sure that you maintain good control at all times without gripping too hard.  You can adjust the power of your hold when you’re in the middle of a cast.  This will allow you to minimize the vibrations of each movement.  With just a bit of practice you’ll be able to increase the tightness at the same as you learn to relax your grip.
 
Tip #4:  What do to with a Running Fish
Be prepared if a fish runs toward you.  Stand on your toes and at the same time raise your rod up over your head as high as you can.  Take the line and put it back over onto your second and third fingers of the hand that is holding the rod.  Quickly strip the line to pull up on any slack.  If the fish starts to run away from you make sure that you keep the rod up high and slowly let out the line, letting it slide from your fingers.  Be ready to palm the reel of the rod when the slack is entirely gone.

Tip #5:  Best Bait Choices
Following is a list of some best bait choices as recommended by the experts:
· Grubs:  Grubs are small lures that are usually used to catch larger fish.  Grubs are great for use in highland reservoirs where there is little cover for the fish.  The grub is much like a bare jig head that has a soft plastic body to attach to the hook.  You’ll want to use them most often in clear water conditions.
· Jigs are best used in water that is clear to murky and in water temperatures that are below 60 degrees.  The jig is considered to be a “presentation” lure and the ideal way to use them is by making them look as alive as you can.  The jig is essentially lead-weighted bait that has one hook. You’ll want to add a trailer to the end of the hook for the best results.
· Plastic worms:  If you want to catch that trophy fish you’ll probably want to use a plastic worm.  This is because the plastic worm is one of the most effective lures for catching any type of big fish.  Plastic worms have a thin and long profile with a lifelike action that attracts them instantly to bass.  You’ll have to learn how to use a plastic worm by touch, feel, and practice.  The more that you practice that better results you’ll achieve.  The one thing that you need to keep in mind is that the fish needs to see the worm before it will hit it.  Therefore a plastic worm is best used in clear water.
· Lure color:  Choose lures that are all black or all white.  A mix of black and red also works quite well.  There will be the odd time when fluorescent colors, such as bright yellow or green, will work well but you’ll need to experiment with this.
 
Tip #6:  Keep your Dry Flies Floating Longer
One way that you can keep your dry flies floating higher and longer on top of the water is by waterproofing them.  Take a can of Scotch-guard, the same stuff that you use to protect your furniture, and spray those flies that you plan on taking fishing with you in the next few days.  Let them dry overnight before using them.  The Scotch-guard will put a waterproof protective coating around your flies and prevent them from becoming drenched with water.  This will allow them to float higher and longer on the water.

Tip #7:  Types of Reels

Reels – There are three main types of reels that you can choose from when it comes to fly fishing:  (1) baitcasting reels, (2) spinning reels, and (3) spincast reels.  The reel that you choose will depend your own personal preferences.
 
Baitcasting reels: Baitcasting reels have better accuracy and control of the lure than other reels.  They are better equipped to handle lines that are ten or more pounds in weight. The one thing to be aware of when using a baitcasting reel is that they often have the tendency to snarl or fight back when the spool starts to spin faster than the line that is being played out.  This is particularly true if you are casting into the wind.
 
To prevent these backlashes, baitcasting reels have a magnetic braking feature but you'll want to count more on the control of the spool tension, which is a knob that is usually located right beside the handles.  You'll need to set the spool tension knob for each lure by holding the rod straight and disengaging the spool.  Loosen the tension just until the lure begins to drop down and then tighten the spool just a bit.
 
When you're casting the reel you'll disengage the spool and then hold it tight with your thumb.  When you want the lure to move forward you'll simply loosen up on the pressure.  After some practice you'll learn to control the speed of the spool so that you have better accuracy.
 
Spinning reels:  Spinning reels are reels that have a spool that is stationary.  The line is spun onto the spool as a device called a "bail" rotates around it.  Spinning reels can be used for any size of line but more experienced fly fishers will use it for lightweight lures with a weight less than ten pounds.  Spinning reels tend to perform a little better than baitcasting reels when you're casting into the wind.
 
One disadvantage of using a spinning reel is that there is the inevitable twisting of the line which will create tangles and knots.  When your line becomes twisted the best thing that you can do is replace the line with a new one. One way that you can prevent some of these tangles from occurring is by putting the spool into a glass of water for about 24 hours before you head out to go fishing, giving it a chance to soak.
 
To cast the spinning reel, hold the handle of the rod with one hand, making sure that the spinning reel is on the bottom side with your middle finger placed in front of the "foot" of the reel.  Slowly open up the bail and pull the line behind the first knuckle of your index finger. Release the line by pulling your index finger into a straight position.  You can control how far you cast the line by letting the line move along your index finger as close to the spool as possible as the line unwinds.  When you want to stop the line you simply push your finger against the lip of the spool.
 
Spincast reels:  Spincast reels are also known as "push button" reels.  They are closed-face and are very easy to use.  They are almost impossible to tangle and can be cast in smooth, long arcs without twisting.  The main portion of the spool is encased in a covering and it remains in one place while a pick-up pin spins around the spool.  When buying a spincast reel make sure that you don't buy the most inexpensive one since you want to pay for good quality.  Many beginner fly fishers do well with a spincast reel.
 
To cast the spincast reel all you need to do is depress the push button and hold it down.  You'll release the button when you want your lure to move in a forward position.  Most spincast reels are able to be used with any weight lure or line size.
 
Tip #8:  Tying Effective Knots
 Very few knots will ever be at 100% of the rated strength for a line.  However, if you moisten your knots before you pull them tight they will be much more effective.  Other things that you can do to tie a better knot include:
· Tighten them very slowly.
· Keep an eye out for any weak frays.
· Test every knot by making sure to pull it hard.
These techniques will reduce the chance of a knot failure occurring at that moment when you least want it.

Tip #9:  Protecting your Fly Line

There are many things that can damage your fly line that includes:  casting the line without a leader, stepping on the line, or pinching the line between the frame of the reel and the spool.  Take steps to avoid these hazards.  There are also many liquid items that can damage your fly line.  Make sure that you keep the line away from insect repellent, sun block, fuel, and some line cleaners. 
 
Tip #10:  Cleaning your Fly Line
Keeping your fly line is essential to the performance of your fly fishing.  Dirt will get on your line from algae that are found in the waters where you fish.  Over time the dirt will get on your line and this can caused your line to become stripped down.  You’ll know when your fly line is too dirty because it won’t float as well nor will it slide smoothly through the rod guides.
 Cleaning your fly line is easy:  use a cleaning pad that you can buy at most angling stores.  Or you can also wash the fly line with a few drops of a mild soap (avoid detergents).  Just rub the line gently with a damp cloth.

Tip #11:  Storing your Fly Line

Your reel is the safest place for you to have your line.  The only thing that you need to make sure of is that your line isn’t exposed to chemicals, high heats, direct sunlight, or solvents.  There will be times when your line has been stored for a while and it will coil.  If this occurs you need to stretch it slowly; it will soon start to give and you can use it safely once again.

Tip #12:  Types of Fly Lines
Most of the lines that you'll use for fly fishing will be made of nylon monofilament.  However, other lines are becoming just as popular such as lines that are (1) braided, (2) co-filament, or (3) fused.  No matter what type of line you buy make sure that it's a "premium" line.  Premium lines are more durable and even than cheaper lines.  You'll want to match the fishing line that you buy to the following criteria and conditions:
· Strength:  Strength is measured in the pounds of force that is needed to break the line.  You'll find that most lines will break at higher weights than they are sold at.
· Resistance to Abrasion:  When you're fishing in areas where there are a lot of brush or rocks you'll want to use a line that won't break easily when it is constantly rubbed.
· Line Diameter:  The diameter of the line will affect the way the line is cast as well as how deep your lure will run.  Diameter also has an affect on the visibility and stretching of the line.  The thinner a line is the harder it will be for the bass to see it.  Thinner lines will also give some bait, such as grubs, a more realistic flowing action.  The one good thing about lines with a thicker diameter is that they are better able to withstand abrasion.
· Stretch Lines:  Stretch lines won't break as easily when they are being pulled by a fish.  They are beneficial in letting you detect strikes as well as help you in setting hooks.
· Line Stiffness:  The stiffness of the line is related to its stretch.  The stiffer the line is the harder it will be to cast.  The advantage to having a stiff line is that is more sensitive than flexible lines.
· Line visibility:  In clear water it's important that your line is as invisible to the fish as possible.  However, you'll want to have a line that is highly visible when your fishing lures are on a subtle strike, such as worms, grubs, and jigs.  This is so that you can easily detect any movement on the line that may indicate a fish is biting.
 
Tip #13:  Pinching your Hooks
Take some time to pinch the barbs on the ends of your hooks.  This will prevent fewer scratches.  And keep in mind that a hook that is barbless is easier to remove that one that is barbed.

Tip #14:  Lures – by the Experts
Following is a list of lures that are often recommended by the expert fly fishers that you one day want to match in skill:
· Spinnerbaits:  Spinnerbaits are one of the most versatile of all fly fishing baits.  This is because they can be used almost any time of the year in any type of weather or water condition.  You’ll also be able to use spinnerbaits in any type of cover.
· Crankbaits:  Many professional fly fishers use crankbaits because they behave much as “bird dogs” when it comes to hunting for fish.  This type of lure is great in deeper waters since it can dive deep.  You’ll want to use a rod that is between 6.5 and 7 feet if you want to use crankbait.
· Tube jigs: Tube jigs are great when you’re fishing in clear water where the fish are inactive. These jigs have been designed to be used as drop bait.  The tube jig is used most often in water that is ten feet or deeper.
· Vibrating lures:  Vibrating lures are made of metal or plastic.  They produce a tight vibration when they are pulled back in.  This type of bait will sink fast and are best used in deeper waters.
· Jigging spoons: Jigging lures are called “structure lures” and are used most often by experienced fly fishers.  These lures work very well in deep water when you are fishing for suspended bass.  The jigging spoon is ideal when you’re dealing with fish that are inactive due to water temperatures that are too hot or too cold.

Tip #15:  Using Dry Flies in the Afternoon
If you’re fly fishing in the afternoon you’ll want to use dry flies.  The main reason for this is that the sun will be warming the water and the air.  And this means that you’ll see hatches of little black flies.  This is a great time to do some dry fly fishing since you can present a fly that is similar to an adult insect.

Tip #16:  Keeping Track of Patterns

Keeping track of patterns:  One thing that you can do if you find that your favorite fishing area is giving you trouble is to keep a log each time that you fish.  Make note of the problems that you’re having as well as:
· weather conditions
· water temperature
· current
· the size of the fish that you do catch
· the time of day that you fish
After a period of time you may notice a pattern occurring, such as the lack of bites on days when the water temperature is too hot or too cold.  This will be your indicating factor of what changes you have to make to break your unlucky streak, such as changing the time of day that you fish or changing the side of the lake that you fish from.
 
Tip #17:  Basic Tools for Tying Flies
There are some basic tools that you’ll need for tying flies.  This includes:
· A bobbin to hold the thread while you’re tying.
· A vice to hold the hook while you’re tying.
· Hackle pliers to keep a firm hold on delicate and small feathers.
· Needle point scissors for cutting and trimming materials.
· A bodkin and half-hitch tool for help tying the half-hitch knot.
· A vise material clip for holding all the materials firmly in one place.
· Head cement that is used for both gluing and to add a finish.

Tip #18:  Tying your Fly to the Tippet

You may find that there are times when you have difficulty tying the fly to the tippet. This can happen whether you’re in the water or up on the bank.  A good trick to help you is to hold the fly up against a background that is single colored, such as the sky.  The background will be able to help you see the fly easier and tie it to the tippet.

Tip #19:  Using a Sub-Surface Fly
There is a trick to using a sub-surface fly so that it catches more fish:  deodorize the fly before you use it by rubbing it with mud or underwater plants.  This will mask the chemical and human smells that are attached to it and that may distract the fish from striking.
 
Tip #20:  Rods and Guides
Another aspect of your rod that you should get to know is the guide, or the eyes.  The guide is what transmits the signals of the line to the rod so that it's easy for you to feel the fish on the other end.  There are several different types of guides available today. 
Some guides have rings that are made of ceramic placed inside the outer metal frame.  Still other guides have inner rings that are made from silicone carbide, aluminum oxide, chrome plating, or gold aluminum oxide.  The rings of the rod are what aid in the reduction of friction that can cause your line to fray.
 
The length of the rod handle is important as well as what the rod is made of, such as foam or cork.  You'll want to choose a rod handle that is still easy for you to hold if your hands become wet.
 
You won't want to use a light action rod to catch fish since you'll need a strong blank to be able to pull the fish out of its cover.  A medium or medium/heavy rod will give you the strength that you need to pull out the fish while at the same time giving you the flexibility to use topwater baits.  You might want to use a trigger handle if you're using a long-handled rod so that you have the manageability that you need.
 
Before you head out fishing make sure that you check the guides on your rod.  You want to make certain that none of the guides are bent.  Bent guides prevent the line from moving through them correctly.  Clean out the inside of the circle of the guides before you start fishing to ensure that your line doesn't fray and break when you're reeling in the fish.
 
One last thing that you should focus on when you're buying a new rod is how the guides are attached to the rod.  The wrapping must be sufficient so that the guides don't become loose and need to be replaced.

Tip #21:  More Tips from the Experts

The more tips and tricks that you have the better luck you’ll bring to your fly fishing.  As a beginner you’ll want to try a variety of techniques until you find what works best for you and the water that you’re fishing in.
· Thick weeds:  When you’re fishing in thick weeds the best lure that you can use is a spinnerbait or a crankbait that is shallow running.  Make sure that you cast parallel to the edge of the weed flow if you can.  Remember look in the inside edges of weedbeds.
· Timber pileups:  When you’re fishing in deep timber your main focus will be to not get your line tangled up. Use a plastic worm or a jigging spoon for the best results.  
· Fishing from fallen trees:  If you want to fish from a fallen tree make sure that you pull back your bait so that it runs in parallel to the tree limbs.  This is because the water is very shallow and you don’t want to disturb the area any more than you have to.
· Working the area:  Make sure that you work the area that you’re fishing as thoroughly as possible.  Try a few different lures if the first one doesn’t bring you success.  You might want to think about returning again at a different time of day.
· Keep a close eye on your lines:  Make sure that you keep a constant eye on your lines particularly when you’re retrieving them.  Remember that when the weather is cold the bass can strike and completely miss the lures.
· Avoid excess noise:  The more noise that you make the less the bass will bite.  
· Night fishing:  Night fishing is a great option in the summer months when the water temperature during the day is just too hot for bass to swim high in the water.
· Creeks and coves:  During the fall months make sure that you check out creeks and coves since this is where baitfish tend to hover…and this means the bass won’t be far behind.
· Using surface plugs:  When you’re using surface plugs try to pay as much attention as you can to the angle of your rod.  You should be holding the rod low when you have the lure close to you and higher when the lure is further away.
 
Tips #22:  Leaders
When it comes to leaders you have two choices:  you can buy them or you can tie your own.  If you’re going to tie your own you’ll want to get an instruction book that shows you how to do this.  If you’re going to buy them you’ll want to look for a leader that is suitable to the area where you are going to be fishing.  For example, if you’re going to fishing for bream (salt water fly fishing) you’ll want to use a light leader that weighs about 2lbs. 

Tip #23:  Knotless Tapered Leads

For freshwater fishing it’s best to use a knotless tapered lead instead of a knotted tapered lead.  This is because you will experience less tangles when you’re casting and the leader won’t get caught on debris that can be found in the water or on any free standing structures.
 
Tip #24:  Learn to Read the Water
Fish will behave differently depending on certain water conditions that change depending on what season it is.  This includes the temperature of the water, what the weather is like, and the volume of the water.  If you want to become a successful fly fisher you’ll have to learn how to read the waters where you’re fishing. 
 
Some of the things that you’ll discover as you learn to read the water are (1) during non-feeding periods, fish can still be encouraged to strike if they are in a deep pocket of water, and (2) when fish are feeding they are usually found in the shoreline of runs of pools and in moderate water pockets.
Water chemistry plays a big part in the health of fish, the location where they are found, and how successful you are at catching the big one.  One of the most important aspects of water chemistry is pH.  In scientific terms pH can be defined as: the negative log molar concentration of hydronium ions in the water.  In simple language pH is the measure of the acidity or basicity in the water.
 
pH is typically measured on a scale of 1 to 14.  A pH of 7 is considered to be neutral.  pH totals of less than 7 are acidic while a measure of over 7 is considered basic.
 
Most fish are able to tolerate a wide range of pH in the waters where they live.  This is because they have the ability to regulate their internal levels of pH.  This is accomplished by the fish constantly adjusting the ratio of bases and acids within their systems.  They make these adjustments by expelling any excess acids in the urine and also by controlling their breathing. 
The faster a fish breathes the faster carbon dioxide leaves the blood, thus raising the level of pH in the blood.  However, most fish are eventually tired out by this constant regulating of their system.  If the fish lives for too long in an environment that is too acidic or too basic it will become unable to manage its own system chemistry.  When this happens the fish will stop feeding and eventually die.

Tip #25:  Keep an Eye Out for Structures

When you’re looking around for a place to cast your line it’s important that you look around for structures both on and in the water.  This can be a large boulder or stone, a log that is submerged, or the tail end of a pool.  These are great places to find fish since they don’t want to work very hard when it comes to looking for a meal.  Fish will congregate near structures, where they will set up feeding stations.

Tip #26:  Fishing in the Early Season – Night Fishing

Once the ice melts off of rivers and inland lakes you can bet that it’s time for fly fishing.  Look for dark colored bays where the temperature of the water will rise faster than other areas of the lake.  You’ll find plenty of bass and panfish in these waters.  Early season fishing is a great way that you can start your fly fishing as early in the year as possible.
 
Night fishing for fish is usually practiced in those areas of the United States where the weather is too hot and uncomfortable to fish during the day.  This includes areas such as reservoirs in the southeast and west.  When the weather is hot, many fish tend to go to deeper depths during the day and they can only be caught by night fishing. During the night, when it's colder, fish will move up to the shallower waters where they will feed on crawfish.
 
Night fishing can be a lot of fun but you need take special precautions, such as being aware of the area that you're fishing in and remembering to wear your life jacket.
You'll know when it's time to start night fishing when the larger fish stop biting during the hot day.  Night fishing is usually practiced when there are water temperatures that are in the middle 60's and hotter.
 
When it comes to night fishing there are four phases of the moon that you’ll want to be aware of.  The best times to fish at night will occur once a month:  three days before a full or new moon and three days after a full or new moon.  This includes the day of the full or new moon.

Tip #27:  Standard Casting
Standard casting is very simple:  the fly line and the rod are both lifted in a smooth motion.  You’ll use an up and backwards direction which you stop when the rod is just at the vertical point.  When the line starts to straighten out or fall downwards the cast will begin increasing in speed at the same time that your wrist snaps the entire rod back from the 11:00 and 1:00 clock positions.  The line will they fly forward to where you want it to land.
 
When you’re ready to cast, make it a long cast that moves straight out from where you are standing.  Strive for about a ten foot cast.  When the bait hits the bottom wait for a minute or two before you start to drag it slowly up along the slope.  When you’re ready to cast again throw your line out a bit to the right.  Then cast to the left the next time, so that you’re fanning the area in front of you.
 
You also have the option of wading knee deep out into the water to cast your line so that it runs parallel to the bank.  This allows you to fish the entire area of the bank so that you have the most success.
 
Wear clothes that are going to let you blend into the bank, such as camouflage.  And walk softly and carefully as you walk along the bank to avoid spooking the bass or other fish in the area.  Keep all your movement slow and steady at all times.
 
Fishing for fish from the bank can really challenge you as a fly fisher.  Once you get those first few bites you’ll be convinced that bank fishing is just as good as fishing in the stream or lake.

Tip #28:  Fishing in Stormy Weather
Fly fishing in stormy weather can come with its own particular challenges.  A storm occurs when winds come up suddenly, without warning, and without any indication of how long the storm will last.  One big concern during a storm is thunderstorms.
 
If you’re out fishing and a storm occurs there are some precautions that you’ll want to take.  You’ll want to head for higher ground immediately if you’re near the water and there are thunderstorms in the area.  If there is no sign of thunder or lightning you may choose to ride out the storm and continue fishing.  In this case you’ll have to adjust your fishing technique to reflect the change in weather.  
 
When you’re fishing along the shore and a storm comes up you can take advantage of the wind.  You’ll often be able to catch fish at very shallow levels in windy weather conditions however these will probably be small bass.  You’ll find bigger fish in at deeper depths during storms but these sized fish will be harder to catch and you should focus your efforts on the smaller ones.
 
Tip #29:  Etiquette and Rules you Need to Know
There are certain styles of etiquette and rules that you should follow when you’re fishing for any type of fish. 
· “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”:  Whenever you’re fishing, whether on the shoreline or in a boat, make sure that you treat others with the same respect that you would want to be treated.
· Keep your distance:  When you’re fishing around other anglers make sure that you keep a good distance away from them so that they have enough room.  Take note of the direction that others are casting and give them ample berth both in a boat and on the shoreline.
· Keeping secrets:  If someone shares their favorite fishing spot with you and asks that you not give this location to others you should honor the request. 
· Get permission:  If you want to fish on private property, such as a farm pond, make sure that you get permission first.  When you leave the area after fishing it should look the same as when you arrived.
· Other fishers:  Keep in mind that not all fishers are bass fishers and that everyone deserves your respect no matter what type of fish they are fishing for. 
· Fishing license:  Depending where you live, there will different rules and regulations for licensing.  In most states or provinces you’ll need a freshwater license if you want to catch freshwater fish.  Your fishing license should be specific to the type of fish that you’re going to be catching.  Always make sure that you know the rules and regulations of the lake, river, stream, or other water area that you’re going to be fishing.  This includes when you can fish, where you can fish, and how many fish you can take out of the water.
 
Tip #30:  Roll Casting
Roll casting is when your fly line is pulled back along the water during a back cast rather than being raised from the water.  During the forward cast your line will also be pulled back along the water rather than lifted.  You’ll want to use a roll cast when you want a bit of leverage back casting in areas where you don’t have much room or if there is a strong wind that is pulling back on the line.

Tip #31:  Reach Casting

During a reach cast the fly, leader, and line are presented to your target area at a wide angle from the left or right side of the caster.  This allows you a great deal of reach.  Reach casting is very useful when you want to send a fly across a river or stream that has more than one speed of current.  The reach cast lets you prevent your fly from being dragged down stream at a rate that is faster than the water where it is supposed to land.
 
Tip #32:  Slack Line Casting
Slack line casting is when the fly line is able to fall onto the water in what are called “s” curves.  This type of a cast will let your fly float on the water without any dragging motion.  You’ll want to use this cast when you’re casting over a current or into a down stream.

Tip #33:  Shooting Line Casting
You’ll want to use this type of cast when you want to create a cast that extends out more line.  To accomplish the shooting line cast, for either the forward or the backward cast, you need to use more power than you did when you cast the line as far as you did the first time.

Tip #34:  Rely on your Vision when Casting
There will be times when you need to rely on your vision in order to determine the target that you are casting towards.  This is particularly true in tail waters and spring creeks where you’ll need to stalk the fish before you cast for it.  Use your eyes to identify your casting targets in certain ways such as:
· Noting the shadow of a fish.
· Noting the riseform of a large fish.
· Noting the flash of a fish that is nymphing.
When you can identify the fish and its lie you’ll be able to accurately position your target and get ready for the perfect cast.
 
Tip #35:  Using a Hauling Technique
 The hauling technique is when you increase the speed of your line by using the strength of your rod arm and your free hand arm.  To achieve a good haul you need to pull down on the fly line at the position just below the stripper guide on your rod.  The pull will increase the speed of the line as it moves outward.  As you become more experienced you can try a double haul which is when you pull both the backward and the forward stroke with strength.
Tip #36:  The Technique of “Mending the Line”
The technique of mending the line is when you reposition your fly line and leader on top of the moving water.  To accomplish this technique all you need to do is use a variety of movements such as roll-casting and lifting the rod.  When you’re fishing in streams you’ll want to know how to mend your line so that you keep it straight and untangled.
 
Tip #37:  Match the Length of your Tippet to the Hole
One of the most important things that you can do when it comes to successful fly fishing is match the length of your tippet to the depth where the fish are and to the depth of the hole.  Every once in a while allow the weight to touch the bottom, making sure that it doesn’t drag.  For instance, if you have a tippet that is six feet long it will put your fly about two to four feet off of the bottom.
 
Tip #38:  Using a Slow-Action Rod
A slow-action rod is sometimes called a full flex rod.  This is one of the easiest types of rod to cast, however is can often be a bit too wobbly for beginners to use.  This type of rod isn’t very effective if you’re fly fishing for larger fish because you won’t be able to use the rod’s butt stiffness to hold up against a strong fish.  The slow-action rod is one of least expensive rods that you can buy.

Tip #39:  Fishing Etiquette – The Right of Way
When it comes to fishing etiquette, the right of way is something that you’ll need to learn.  The rule of thumb is that the angler who is already in the water is given the right of way.  The rule also applies if you’re walking along the bank or floating.  If you need to move locations try to move up-river whenever possible.  You never want to intrude on another fly fisher without asking first.  If you do get permission to enter the same waters make sure that you do so up-river and allow the other angler lots of space.

Tip #40:  Fishing Etiquette – Taking out your Line
Common courtesy dictates that you take your line out of the water for any angler who has a fish on the line.  This is so that they have plenty of space in order to land their fish.  This rule is very important if you’re fishing down-river from the other angler.  Make sure that you never step into the space of an angler who is releasing or landing a fish on the bank.